Java is an OOP (Object Oriented Programming) language used in 1995. Java was developed by Sun Microsystems, and later on obtained by Oracle. Programs or applications developed in Java run on a JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which allows us to run the same program on multiple platforms and systems/devices etc.
Basis of comparison
2) Execution Platform: Java applications and programs run on JVM (Java Virtual Machine), which requires the JDK and JRE to be installed on a system.
3) Mobile apps: Older mobile apps are mostly written in Java and smartphone platforms such as Symbian and Android also support Java.
4) Learning Curve: Java has extensive documentation, online resources, online forums, and communities that are easy to learn. If we want to create and program applications, we can learn Java.
5) Compilation: Java programs are compiled and interpreted because it is a programming language. Java is a programming language compiled, interpreted, and executed on JVM that requires JDK and JRE.
6) Compatible: Java is compatible with most operating systems as it is compatible with almost all operating systems. Java is platform-independent with bytecode.
7) Syntax: The syntax of the Java language is similar to that of the C / C ++ programming language. The Java program will be contained in classes and objects.
8) Scope: Java is available almost everywhere and is an independent programming language that can run on different operating systems. Java uses a block-based scope in which the variable goes out of scope after control leaves a block.